New DNA evidence has been discovered that proves the existence of female Viking warriors, in turn proving that war was not an exclusive male practice.

Futurism explains that researchers from Stockholm University and Uppsala University retrieved DNA from the skeleton of an iconic mid-10th century Swedish Viking Age in Birka. Although some of the skeletal morphology suggested that the warrior was female, the warrior’s sex was originally presumed male until the necessary DNA testing technology was developed. This has enabled the scientific understanding of human history to be solidified.

The retrieved DNA carried no Y chromosome and two X chromosomes. Her nomadic lifestyle was confirmed by isotope analyses, a discovery that complements what historians already knew about the martial society of Northern Europe that dominated the 8th, 9th, and 10th centuries.  

This is a prime example as to how new technology is enabling us to better understand our ancestors. Researchers in Cambridge used various forensic science techniques to reconstruct the face of a working class; 13th century British man now called Context 958, and as a result formed conclusions about his life from their findings.

In addition, scientists are now able to successfully extract and analyse the DNA of our ancient human ancestors from ordinary sediment, providing new opportunities to explore early human evolution without the need of bones or fossils.  

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