The extinction of Neanderthals has been largely blamed on the superior competition of Homo sapiens. New scientific evidence suggests that this may not the case.
The concept of precision medicine has really taken hold in recent years. However, the majority of current studies have used European and US datasets to identify how different diseases can respond to different treatments.
Brain networks associated with suicide have been identified by examining brain images from the past two decades. The study published in Molecular Psychiatry found changes in the prefrontal cortex were important risk factors in suicidal thoughts and behaviours. 800,000 people die globally by suicide every year – one every 40 seconds. It is the second […]
Stem cells have been used to repair damaged heart tissues by indirectly boosting the immune system.
Single-cell transcriptomes have been used to identify tumour cells and their origins in paediatric brain cancers, providing a blueprint for one of the main zones where childhood cancers develop. The study published in Nature Genetics gathered single-cell transcriptomes from over 65,000 cells that resulted in gene-expression profiles. After large scale data analysis, 191 distinct […]
Childhood neurodevelopmental disorders have now been shown to possess shared genetic roots. A study published in Nature Neuroscience has identified a new risk variant in the MAP1A gene for autism and ADHD.
Oral administration of a MicroRNA molecules harvested from the faeces of autoimmune-diseased mice, may hold potential for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) treatment in humans.
The ongoing debate over the Illumina-Pacific Biosciences merger has come to a head with their competitor Oxford Nanopore rejecting the revised remedies. In documents filed with the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) and published online Oxford Nanopore comments on Illumina’s offer and what could be done to restore the market balance.
The largest genome wide association study (GWAS) to date on handedness has identified nearly 50 new variants and provided interesting insights into disease predispositions including bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
An exploratory project to find fossil microbes on the Red Planet has been proposed between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA). The possibility of finding alien life has long been an alluring concept for many and this new scheme intends to bring Martian soil to Earth for intensive study.
A study from the Salk Institute and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has identified a new brain circuit implicated in compulsive drinking in mice and how to modify it to discourage binge drinking.
Gut microbiota has wide reaching effects on health and disease. A study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, PNAS, has demonstrated that gut imbalance promotes the onset of colorectal cancer, going on to invent a blood test to identify the epigenetic signatures.
Alzheimer’s Disease is a devastating neurological condition affecting 24 million people worldwide. It is the most frequent form of dementia with a heritable risk that is not wholly understood. A study published in the Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology has identified a new risk gene that was previously overlooked.
Prions are viewed as disastrous for cells; unbreakable, infectious, clumps of protein that self-propagate leading to toxic gain or loss of function. However, researchers from Stanford University have discovered a new role for prions in transmitting epigenetic information and promoting proliferation.
The first gene editing clinical trial sponsored by US companies has released data to STAT news showing promising results using a CRISPR based therapy. Sickle cell anaemia and beta thalassemia patients required no further treatments after one appointment.