Genetics

Huntington’s Therapy Found in Ancient Worms

A highly conserved mechanism in worms and humans has been discovered by researchers at Monash University that could provide a novel therapeutic approach for neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington’s and Parkinson’s.

Genetic Cause of a Rare Type of Epilepsy Found

The cause of a rare type of familial epilepsy has been linked to two new gene mutations, as discovered by researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute. Published back-to-back in Nature Communications, Dr Mark Bennett, Dr Haloom Rafehi and Professor Melanie Bahlo from the Institute made this ground-breaking discovery as part of an international consortium.

“Junk DNA”: The New Place to Look for Cancer Risk

New research published in the British Journal of Cancer has identified a link between the so-called “junk DNA” and the risk of developing cancer. Junk DNA refers to regions of DNA that don’t code for proteins but are thought to play in a role in gene expression regulation

Epigenetics Found to Play a Role in Childhood Kidney Cancer

Researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute uncovered a possible pre-cancerous signature for Wilms’ tumour, a form of kidney cancer mainly affecting children under five years old. Published in Science, the research was the first to compare Wilms’ tumour tissue and healthy kidney tissue to identify any genetic changes that could possibly be predictive of disease progression.

New Evidence for the Theory of Human Self-Domestication

A new research paper has investigated the link between the BAZ1B gene and self-domestication of humans. The same gene has been found to control much of human facial development and be involved in the domestication of dogs and cats, possibly suggesting that humans are self-domesticated.

Gene Expression Affected by African Ancestry

A new study by Northwestern Medicine has become the first to compare gene expression levels in African American populations by studying the levels of mRNA expressed in the liver. Previous studies have compared only African and European individuals separately and this study aimed to address the “grey” area of mixed ethnicities.

The New Genomics “Hubble Space Telescope”

Researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, Spain have developed a new type of genomics technology that can be used to investigate how species are related to each other, with a possibility of creating new drugs, foods, and materials at a much larger scale than ever before.

How Much Sleep do you Need? The Answer is (partly) in Your DNA

A set of research papers suggests that some people need less sleep than others based on a few genetic changes. The papers from the neurology team at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) identified three genes that researchers can link to needing less sleep

Stalled Cells Cause Child Brain Cancer

  Single-cell transcriptomes have been used to identify tumour cells and their origins in paediatric brain cancers, providing a blueprint for one of the main zones where childhood cancers develop. The study published in Nature Genetics gathered single-cell transcriptomes from over 65,000 cells that resulted in gene-expression profiles. After large scale data analysis, 191 distinct […]

Oxford Nanopore Comments on Illumina-Pacific Biosciences Merger

The ongoing debate over the Illumina-Pacific Biosciences merger has come to a head with their competitor Oxford Nanopore rejecting the revised remedies. In documents filed with the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) and published online Oxford Nanopore comments on Illumina’s offer and what could be done to restore the market balance.