Primary tumour cells that have been starved of oxygen have been shown to have a survival advantage when spreading to different parts of the body to form new tumours. Over 90% of solid tumours are oxygen deprived. Known as hypoxia, this is associated with poorer prognosis for patients. This was thought to be due to […]
A protein that promotes the metastasis to the brain of breast, lung and other cancers has been identified. When cancer cells break off from their initial tumour they can spread throughout the body and invade other organs to form new tumours, in a process known as metastasis. Although metastatic tumours cause 90% of deaths in […]
Cancer cells can consume neighbouring cells to survive chemotherapy, new research shows. Doxorubicin is a common chemotherapy drug that works by selectively damaging the DNA of cancer cells. However, multiple cancer cells have been observed to survive doxorubicin treatment to allow a relapse of the disease. These cancer cells can enter a form of dormancy, […]
Breast Cancer Metastasis Metastasis, where cancer cells break off from the primary tumour and form a new tumour elsewhere in the body, is particularly deadly for breast cancer patients. Breast cancer is prone to metastasising in the brain, which is challenging to treat. However, new research that demonstrates breast cancer cells can use exosomes to […]
When cancer cells break off from their initial tumour they can spread throughout the body and invade other organs to form new tumours, in a process known as metastasis. Although metastatic tumours cause 90% of deaths in cancer patients, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. However, a new study revealed that the expression of […]
When cancer cells break off from their initial tumour they can spread throughout the body and invade other organs to form new tumours, in a process known as metastasis. Metastatic tumours cause patients to develop stage IV or advanced cancer and are responsible for over 90% of deaths in cancer patients. In the past, cancer […]
It’s estimated that 90% of cancer patients that die from their disease die from cancer metathesis. Despite this, there are currently no therapies in the market that tackle the mechanisms of metastasis and less than 5% of cancer funds go towards tackling metastatic cancer. That’s a dire situation for cancer patients and their families, and […]
A rare and difficult to cure bone cancer in children has been found to have significant genetic similarities with the same type of cancer in dogs. This insight could improve understanding of the disease and lead the development of more effective treatments. Osteosarcoma (OS) is a rare bone cancer in children, but relatively common in […]
Yale University researchers have discovered a potential new biomarker for identifying individuals with increased risk of prostate cancer metastasis. The findings announced that mitochondrial protein syntaphilin is vital in determining the balance between tumour cell proliferation and tumour cell invasion, and is expressed significantly at the invasive tumour edge in prostate cancer.
Swiss scientists have found a potential new way to block metastasis, with promising results demonstrated in mice. The researchers have found a “barrier”, built by the Activin B protein and a receptor called ALK7, the combo of which prevents tumours from spreading through the body.