Oncology

Oncology is the most advanced area in genomics right now. The field is setting the standard for other indications to follow and improve upon.

Scientists Create Ten-Minute Universal Test for Cancer

A universal test which can detect traces of any cancer in a patient’s bloodstream in ten minutes has been developed by scientists from the University of Queensland. As it stands the test has a sensitivity of 90%, so is able to detect 90 in 100 cases of cancer.

Defective DNA Repair Leads to Genome “Chaos”

Scientists have found a cause for the frequent and damaging events in cancer cells’ genetic material where sections of individual chromosomes were broken at a number of points and reassembled wrongly, so entire sections were missing and others were duplicated or incorporated in a wrong orientation.

New Tech Predicts Biosequence Binding in Seconds

A new technology known as “Pattern to Knowledge” (P2K) has been created by researchers at the University of Waterloo to predict the binding of biosequences in only seconds. The new development could radically speed up discovery of new drugs and reduce the need for expensive laboratory tests.

Mutations in “Guardian of the Genome” Assist Cancer in Spreading

Tumours are helped in their development by mutating the most important cancer-prevention gene, p53, scientists from Melbourne have found. The study, published in Genes and Development, found that mutant p53 prevents the regular p53 protein from activating its natural defences, increasing the risk of the cancer spreading.

Scientists Uncover Why Some Cancers Affect Only Young Women

Cells settling in an organ other than the correct one during embryogenesis are often the cause of rare ovarian and pancreatic cancers which affect only young women, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG) have found.