Precision Medicine

Successfully Deleting Disease by Opening up DNA

Bioengineers based in the US have designed a “DNA-binding editorial assistant” that will allow gene-editing technology, like CRISPR, to access previously inaccessible genes of interest. The new protein design can be used to open up areas of the DNA that are obscured by chromatin, which would improve CRISPR efficiency and aid in developing more precise gene-editing techniques to combat disease.

Interview with Rory Collins, UK Biobank

Rory Collins, Principal Investigator and Chief Executive of UK Biobank leads this landmark project. We talk to him about some of the research outcomes from UK Biobank, and why he’s excited to be speaking at the Festival of Genomics this January.

Interview with Rory Collins, UK Biobank

Rory Collins, Principal Investigator and Chief Executive of UK Biobank leads this landmark project. We talk to him about some of the research outcomes from UK Biobank, and why he’s excited to be speaking at the Festival of Genomics this January.

Gene Expression Affected by African Ancestry

A new study by Northwestern Medicine has become the first to compare gene expression levels in African American populations by studying the levels of mRNA expressed in the liver. Previous studies have compared only African and European individuals separately and this study aimed to address the “grey” area of mixed ethnicities.

Depression Biomarker Could Enable Precision Medicine Treatments

A new biomarker that can identify depression patients experiencing a lack of motivation could be used to tailor anti-depressant drugs to patients, depending on the specific symptoms of the disease they display. Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in the world and affects about 9% of the US population. However, as less […]

Child Cancer Patients are not Seeing the Full Benefits of Tumour Sequencing

51% of child cancer patients in a recent trial had gene mutations in their tumours that could be targeted by an existing adult cancer drug. However, due to clinical obstacles only 7% were able to receive the relevant drug, raising concerns about the lack of cancer therapies available for children. Treating cancer in children is […]

Breathalyser Test Can Predict Which Patients Will Respond to Lung Cancer Immunotherapy

A newly developed ‘electronic nose’ can measure chemicals in the breath of small cancer lung patients to determine if they will respond to immunotherapy treatment. Immunotherapy is Changing Cancer Care Immunotherapy treatments harness the body’s immune system to fight the cancer cells, which is transforming the treatment of advanced stage cancers. However, only a small […]

Colour Changing Tattoos Can Sense Biomarkers

Scientists have developed tattoos that change colour depending on the interstitial fluid concentration of key biomarkers. The development is a step towards developing quicker diagnostics. The biomarkers studied were pH, glucose and albumin. Variation of blood pH can be indictive of a range of health conditions and glucose sensing is extremely useful for monitoring diabetes. […]

Genomic Barcode Identifies Immune Cells that Can Tackle Cancer

Researchers have developed a new technique to pinpoint immune cells in cancer patients that are reactive against their disease. This research could lead to more targeted immune-based therapies for cancer patients. Immunotherapy is a relatively new field of cancer treatment which works by promoting the patient’s immune system to fight against the cancer. Although immune […]

Largest DNA-Mapping Study of a Single US Population Begins

Intermountain Healthcare and deCODE Genetics, a subsidiary of Amgen based in Iceland, have announced a major joint collaboration and study of 500,000 genomes centred around discovering new connections between genetics and human diseases. The study represents the largest US DNA-mapping attempt from a single population.